Features, Advantages and Limitations of C Language

C-Programming is considered as the most basic of all programming languages and therefore, the students of programming, mostly, start their basics from C-Programming. Since we are just stepping in into the programming, we must be aware of what does C has and what it lacks. So we are here with the features, advantages and limitations of the C.

Go through the following texts to read about features, advantages and limitations of the C.


1. Simple Language

2. Structured language

3. Portable

4. Middle-level Language

5. Fast Execution

6. Rich Library Set

7. Memory Management

8. Modular



1.  Easy to Learn

-easy to learn middle-level language

2. Low-level Language Support

-very close to the machine language because it supports features like pointer, but and bit-manipulation

-allows programmers to write directly to the memory

-popular to program the hardware devices, Operating System, drivers, kernels, etc

3. Structured Programming Language

-functions and subroutines are its main structural components

-makes a program easier to understand and modify

4. Produces Efficient Programs

-C is a compiled programming language. This creates fast and efficient executable files.

-provides a set of library functions for common utilities

-the inbuilt functions help to make the development faster

5. Produces Portable Programs

-programs programme in C language can run easily on any other compilers with little or no modifications at all

-provides universality and portability across various computer architectures

6. Powerful Programming Language

-provides wide-range of  inbuilt data types and ability to create customized data types using structures as well

-as C standard library, a large set of commonly used Input/ Output, Mathematical, String and other related functions are provided

-has a rich set of control statements, arithmetic operator, loops, etc, which provides a powerful tool for a programmer to implement his logic as a C program

7. Memory Management

-provides support for dynamic memory allocation

-by calling library functions such as malloc, calloc and free, we can allocate any free space and free the allocated memory space at anytime



1. Lacks the concept of Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)

2. Lacks runtime checking

3. No strict type checking

example: integer type data can be passed for the declaration of float type data

4. Lacks the concept of namespace

 (A namespace is a set of symbols that are used to organize objects of various kinds, so that these objects may be referred to by name.)

5. Lacks the concept of constructor or destructor

(In class-based object-oriented programming, a constructor is a special type of subroutine called to create an object.

And, a destructor is a method which is automatically invoked when the object is destroyed.)


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